Construction companies concerned with the construction of buildings, bridges, dams, roads, etc. In general, there are four types of construction projects to be carried out;
Civil engineering companies design the project and manage the construction while the construction company will build the project
A general Construction contractor, main contractor or prime contractor is responsible for the day-to-day oversight of a construction site, management of vendors and trades, and the communication of information to all involved parties throughout the course of a building project.
Heavy Engg & Construction companies construct Road (Highway, streets) and dam, bridges; utility systems; and other heavy and civil engineering projects, including subdivisions of land.
Engineering, Procurement, and Construction) construction companies, the engineering and construction contractor will carry out the detailed engineering design of the project, procure all the equipment and materials necessary, and then construct to deliver a functioning facility or asset to their clients.
Project Management Consultant or Project Management Contract. Under a project management contract, an engineering contractor will overlook the EPC Contractors work to ensure compliance with client scope of works.
Occupational Health Safety Improtance to Consturction Company
The construction industry remains one of the most hazardous to workers that comprises a wide range of activities involving construction, alteration, and/or repair. Construction workers engage in many activities that may expose them to serious hazards, such as falling from rooftops / work at height, unguarded machinery, being struck by heavy construction equipment, electrocutions, silica dust, asbestos, Confined space entry, vice versa.
It’s important for every organization to manage OHS (Occupational Health and Safety) matters efficiently. Develop a dynamic framework for dealing with health and safety issues in all aspects of operations with the help of Standards.
Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems (OHSMS), and their integration with other management systems. Applicable to any organization, regardless of size or type, that is interested in developing, implementing, or improving an OHSMS.
ISO 45001 is the OH&SMS standard i.e. Occupational Health and Safety Management System that enables an organization to provide safe and healthy workplaces, prevent work-related injury and ill-health.
Recording workplace injuries is an important part of an OHS system. This Standard includes explanations of the data required. These measures include incidence rate, frequency rate, average time lost rate, time series analysis and cross tabulations such as
Health and safety is a multi-step process which includes the workers at the site, nearby people, supervisors, managers etc. Effective management of activities and competent site supervision are essence in maintaining healthy and safe conditions. In construction activities especially, greater the risk, greater the degree of hazard control and supervision is required.
How OH&SMS standard will help the Construction Industry –
With the help of OHS framework, standard requirements and its compliance to the requirement, an organization can control or minimize the risk / hazards associated with the activities such as
Before the work starts, Safety officer / competent EHS personnel should:
Personnel at the site including employees, contractors and visitors should receive information about the site hazards and steps taken to control those risks. Also, briefing them about the hazards, PPEs, welfare facilities and site rules can ensure that the work in progress is smooth and efficient.
Much of the construction works include scaffolds, they must be equipped with guardrails, toe boards and brick guards. Personal prevention such as podium steps can be used to prevent falls while working at height. If the weather seems inappropriate, emergency and rescue procedures should be well-defined in advance to avoid adverse effect on workers. All working platforms must be checked for safe conditions and should be inspected for slip and trip hazards.
Examples of OHS risk control systems:
In order to facilitate the management of occupational health and safety organization, occupational health and safety risks affecting the operations, processes, manages, and verifies that fulfill the responsibilities and powers and duties of personnel should be defined, documented and publicized.
The ultimate responsibility for occupational health and safety, the administration is on top of. Foundation, a member from the upper management, correct application of occupational health and safety management system, and in all areas of the organization’s requirements to ensure each step of the process and appoint a special responsibility.
Document and data control:
Organization, all the documents required by this standard and to control the data necessary to ensure the following procedures to establish and maintain:
Documents to be certain places,
OHS Operation control –
In the absence of documented procedures, occupational health and safety policy and objectives of the occurrence of deviations from the documented procedures that are involved in situations involving the creation and maintenance,
Management system is a framework that allows an organization to consistently identify and control its health and safety risks, reduce the potential for accidents, help achieve compliance with health and safety legislation and continually improve its performance.
Possible assessment team:
Practical risk reduction involves:
Potential issues associated with the construction industry but not limited
Incorporating health and safety checks can keep a track on the worker progress and well-being, so worker participation is must to communicate hazardous conditions when it encounter
Improved confidence on associated activities – All of the employees will have a clear understanding of how to handle key activities, whether it’s reporting an incident, responding to an issue, or working through a problem. With the OHS management system in place, an organization will have a clear overview of every OHS-related activity that happens within premises
It Boost corporate and social responsibility – Having a strong OHS management system in place is an especially important part of building brand’s appeal, it is about ethical behaviors such as paying attention to worker health
Reduced cost on accidents and incidents – With the OHS management system in place the cost of hiring temporary staff to remove the gaps in workforce while the injured workers recover will be removed / replaced or managed due to minimized or no accidents and incidents. It will help reduce the likelihood of incidents and accidents from occurring and this will, in turn, lower an organization’s costs of dealing with them.
Lower insurance premiums – by reducing employee turnover, lowering temporary workers’ hiring and training costs and driving down the cost of investigating accidents and incidents. Insurers will offer lower premiums if an organization can demonstrate that they are effectively controlling the risks to their workers within their premises
Increased regulatory compliance – A proper OHS management system will help all of organizational staff stay aware of current legal requirements. This improves an organizational regulatory compliance and lowers the risk of having to pay a fine.
Improved confidence – An OHS management system help to ensure that organizational staff members are more protected from a wide range of threats and health problems, such as Falls, Injuries, Repetitive strain injuries, The effects of vibration and noise, Skin diseases, Asbestos-related diseases, work stress, And more!