What is ISO 27001 Certification?
ISO 27001 – Information Security Management Systems (ISMS) is used for ISO 27001 Certification for an organization. ISO 27001:2013 - Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems are now revised to ISO 27001:2022 - Information security, cybersecurity, and privacy protection — Information security management systems. The details of Key Changes of ISO 27001:2013 vs ISO 27001:2022 is provided below for the reference of the user organization. For ISO 27001 certification latest version is ISO 27001:2022, Standard.
Information Security Management System (ISMS) – ISO 27001 Standard
Information Security Management System Standard provides the requirements for an organization to Implementation of this ISO 27001 standard, for further enhancement of overall information security. By using a risk management method. An information security management system -ISO 27001 Standard, protects the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information and provides interested parties with an assurance that risks are properly handled.
It is important to note that while implementing ISO 27001 in the organization. The organization does not treat this as an isolated requirement. ISO 27001 requirements are integrated with the organization's activities and general management structure and information security must be taken into account while designing processes, information systems, and controls. It is anticipated that the extent of an information security management system deployment will be determined by the needs of the company. When the business organization works out when do i need iso 27001 certification? So, it is now clarified the importance of ISO 27001 Certification requirements – that is when it becomes an organization’s business requirement to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information and provides assurance to its clients & interested party that risks are properly handled.
Requirements ISO 27001 Certification:
It is advised that for business organizations planning for ISO 27001 Certification for organization, the requirements are to implement ISO 27001 Standard in the organization. By understanding the ISO 27001 Standard requirement and integrating the with business processes & activities. During the implementation of the Information Security Management System (ISMS) standard. The organization may require to develop many documents and records to maintain information security compliances. Such as
- Information Security Policy and Objective
- Statement of Applicability (SOA)
- Risk Analysis
- Standard operating Procedures for the various process and activities, including Internal Audit and Management review procedures.
- Monitoring records for information security controls
- Internal Audit Record
- Management Review meeting record
- Record of Corrective actions
Apart from, these, the organization may require some more documents & records to demonstrate the effective implementation. But it all depends on the size, activities, and type of the organization.
After implementation of the Information security management system requirements applies for ISO 27001 Certification for the organization. As ISO 27001 Certification requirements, implementation of ISO 27001 in the organization is mandatory. For ISO 27001 Certification in India, the UK, the USA, Canada, etc so on, the ISO 27001 Certification process is the same, as the certification process is derived from various international accreditation standards and requirements.
The steps of the ISO 27001 Certification process are as follows
- Implements the ISO 27001 Standard in the organization
- Apply to ISO Certification Body (i.e OSS Certification )
- Application Review, Audit Team Selection, and Onsite – Audit Planning
- Onsite Audit
- Audit Report Review and Certification decision
- Award of ISO 27001 Certification for Company
The summarized requirements of the ISO 27001 standard are given below :
CONTEXT OF THE ORGANIZATION
The organization shall identify the internal and external issues related to information security, including the legal, regulatory, and contractual requirements. Determining the scope of an information security management system and establishing the information security management system.
The top management of the organization demonstrates leadership and commitment toward the information security management system. Set up the Information security policy & objective and delegate roles, responsibilities, authority, and accountability of all concerns within the organization.
Determination of Information security Risk, establishing the Risk assessment criteria and Information security Risk assessment, establishing the action plan to control the information security Risk.
The organization shall provide the resources needed for establishing, implementation, maintenance, and continual improvement of the information security management system. Determination of Competence of all the concerns within the organization. Providing training to the concerned person and establishing the communication system within the organization and interested party in relation to information security. Established, implemented, and maintained the document related to the Information security management system.
Establish operational control for the information security management system. Including, Risk Treatment by implementing Information security Controls.
Evaluate the performance of the information security management system by Internal Audit and Management review meeting at the planned interval, Including a review of the implemented Information security controls performance and Effectiveness.
Review of improvement of Information security management system, through reviewing the effectiveness of CAPA taken against non-conformity and identifying the potential opportunity for continual improvement in information security management system.
What ISO 27001 certification brings to the organization?
As such ISO 27001 Certification is not mandatory, it is obligatory for an organization, But ISO 27001 Certification brings a lot to the organization when it became is a requirement for an organization or when an organization adopts implementation of the ISO 27001 standard in the organization. As experts view ISO 27001 Certification is worth it a lot for an organization. The most prominent benefits of ISO 27001 Certification are given below.
- Brings the assurance and confidence of Interested Parties and Clients in the organization’s Information Security
- Able to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information
- Enhancement of processes of information security
- Enhancement of Customer Satisfaction and Confidence, which turns to business enhancements and retention of Customers.
- Enhancement of Information Security Compliances (regulatory or Contractual or both)
- Enhancement of Credibility of the organization among the business community
- Enhancement of new business opportunity
- Protect the organization against any penalty or business losses due to a breach of information.
Above prominent benefits, ISO 27001 certification brings to the organization, but not limited. there are several other benefits of ISO 27001 Certification to the organization in India. which can depend on the organization's business objective and requirements.
Key Changes ISO 27001:2013 vs ISO 27001:2022
ISO 27001:2022 standard was published in October 2022. There are major changes are in Information Security controls – which are Provided in Annex-A in the ISO 27001 standard.
The number of controls in ISO/IEC 27002:2022 is reduced from 114 controls in 14 clauses in the previous edition (iso 27001:2013) to 93 controls in 4 clauses. 11 controls are new, 24 controls are amalgamated from the existing controls, and 58 controls are updated for the controls in ISO/IEC 27002:2022. In addition, the control structure has been changed, using "attribute" and "purpose" instead of "objective" for a collection of controls.
Frequently Asked Questions of ISO 27001 Certification
How long does it take to become iso 27001 certified?
The organization planning for ISO 27001 Certification in India or any place across the world (such as USA, UK, Canada, Australia, Bangalore, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune, etc so on). It is a very common question for an organization to how long does it take to become iso 27001 certified. so, in response to this question, we clarify that there is no time limit defined to become ISO 27001 Certified organization. It all depends on how much organization is taking time for implementation of ISO 27001 standard requirements in the organization. As per accreditation requirements, Standards, and IAF publication documents, the site Audit Time for ISO 27001 Certification audit is defined but not for an organization to become ISO 27001 Certified. It all depends on how much the organization is taking time for implementation and response to Onsite Audit findings (if any). So, with the above explanation, it is clarified how long does it take to get iso 27001 certified for an organization.
How much does it cost to become iso 27001 certified?
While planning for ISO 27001 Certification in India or any place across the world (such as the USA, UK, Canada, Australia, Bangalore, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune, etc so on). For Budget planning or allocation, there is a common question for an organization How much does it cost to become iso 27001 certified? ISO 27001 Certification Cost is subdivided into two parts – First, the cost of Implementation of ISO 27001 Standard in the organization and second the ISO 27001 Certification cost charged by the ISO Certification Body (i.e OSS Certification). Generally, ISO Certification Body charges the ISO 27001 Certification Cost based on the Audit Man-day rate, which is derived from the Accreditation Standard and IAF MD documents along with the administrative cost of the Certification Body. The Audit Man-day is calculated based on organization Size, Type, activities, user, server, and the number of sites, etc. so, with this explanation, it is clarified that the ISO 27001 Certification cost is not fixed, it is variable depending on the organization Type, size, activities, etc so on. So, any organization wanted clarification on how much it cost to get iso 27001 certified, the above explanation makes sound clarification for any organization to know ISO 27001 Certification Cost.
What is ISO 27001 certification or accreditation?
Certification and Accreditation are two different terms not the same. In common business practices, we clarify that Accreditation means, an authority to issue a certificate. For Example, if any organization claims ISO 27001 accreditation, means the organization has implemented the ISO 27001 accreditation requirements, based on that Accreditation Body assessment the organization has been awarded the ISO 27001 accreditation, i.e Authority to issue the ISO 27001 Certification to any organization, who meets the requirements. ISO 27001 Certification means – the organization has implemented the ISO 27001 Standard requirements organization. ISO Certification Body Audit team has conducted that ISO 27001 Audit in the organization and based on the Audit outcome, the organization is awarded ISO 27001 Certification. The basic difference between iso 27001 accreditation vs certification is – ISO 27001 Accreditation is provided to Certification Body – which issues the ISO 27001 Certification to the organization. ISO 27001 Certification means certification of implemented Information Security Management System of the organization. In the case of ISO 27001 Certification, the certified organization cannot issue the ISMS Certification to any other organization. Where ISO 27001 Accreditation means, the accredited organization can issue the ISO 27001 Certification to any organization that meets the ISMS requirements. There is a basic difference between iso 27001 accreditation vs certification. With this explanation, it is clarified What is ISO 27001 certification or accreditation.
Is iso 27001 certification mandatory?
Over a period, several organizations asked is ISO 27001 certification mandatory. We have explained before that ISO 27001 Standard is an obligatory contractual standard. which have the system requirements in that Standard for information security management Systems. When the information security of an organization becomes a requirement or is asked by the clients or regulatory body to demonstrate information security management System compliance, then it became mandatory for an organization to implement ISO 27001 Standard in the organization and further for ISO 27001 Certification. otherwise, this ISO 27001 Standard is obligatory.
What is iso 27001 certification mean?
ISO 27001 Certification means demonstration of compliance with information security and assures interested parties that the organization is maintaining the integrity of information security. Now it is calcified iso 27001 certification what does it mean? At first, glance looking at the ISO 27001 Certificate of the organization, we assumed that the organization is maintaining the integrity of the information security management system.
Who needs iso 27001 certification?
When there is a requirement of its clients or regulatory body or contractual requirements of an organization or any business requirements, then the organization needs ISO 27001 Certification. When the organization management wants to further improve the information security management may need ISO 27001 Certification.
ISO 27001 certification validity?
As per management System certification and accreditation standard requirements, the ISO 27001 Certification validity is for 3 Years from the date of issue of Certification. Subject to that the ISO 27001 Certified organization has maintained compliance during periodic surveillance Audit Conducted by Certification Body. If the organization failed to meet the annual surveillance Audit or does not allow the certification body to conduct the annual surveillance audit, in this condition ISO 27001 certification validity will expire due to non-compliance with surveillance audit requirements. In this condition, the ISO 27001 Certificate is not valid. So, to maintain the ISO 27001 Certification validity for 3 years, maintaining Surveillance Audit Compliances are mandatory. So, with this explanation, it is clarified how long does iso 27001 certification last i.e 3 years subject to meeting surveillance Audit Compliance.
ISO 27001 certification vs surveillance audit?
ISO 27001 Certification audit is known as an initial certification Audit. When any organization applies for ISO 27001 to Certification Body, after the implementation of ISO 27001 Standard requirements in the organization. The Certification Body Auditor visits the organization and verifies the compliances, as per ISO 27001 Certification Checklist, and based on audit outcomes the organization is awarded ISO 27001 Certification. ISO 27001 Surveillance Audit is conducted by the Certification body (at least) once a year after the award of initial Certification. During the Surveillance Audit compliance with ISO 27001, Standard requirements are verified, and no new certificate is issued, in some cases where an Extended validity Certificate is issued, but the last Expiry date will remain the same as per Initial Certification.
ISO 27001 compliance vs certification?
ISO 27001 Compliance is generally verified by the organization during an internal audit – when the organization is preparing for Third-Party Audit or during periodic internal Audits. ISO 27001 Compliance means the organization has implemented the ISO 27001 Standard requirements, if the organization's internal process, documentation, records, etc meet the ISO 27001 Compliances. ISO 27001 Certification is performed by an accredited Body to verify ISO 27001 Compliance and based on the Audit outcome the certification is awarded.
Who provides iso 27001 certification?
An Accredited ISO Certification Body with ISO 27001 Accreditation in accreditation scope provides ISO 27001 Certification to the organization, based on Audit findings and Auditor recommendations certification body issues ISO 27001 Certification.