ISO 27001 Certification: Information Security Management System (ISMS)
Conceptualized and conceived by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO 27001 Certification has been a prominent management system that works as a framework responsible for the information security management system (ISMS) of an organization. At present, when data security threats are increasing at an alarming rate, ISMS becomes a primary requirement for every organization. First commissioned in 2005, the ISMS has undergone multiple amendments in the later years to take care of various threats to an organization’s individual data and information. However, the latest version of the ISMS came in 2013, and therefore the present version is also recognized as ISO 27001:2013.
What are the ISO 27001 Audit Controls?
To manage all the threats that arise for the data and information security, the ISO 27001 certification Services providers talk about ISO 27001 Audit Controls. The comprehensive documentation breaks down the rules into 14 distinct controls. Let’s have a brief look at these controls. Have a look at the following description of these controls:
#1: Information Security Policies
The first among all the 14 audit controls, Information Security Policies cover how they should be framed and written in the ISMS. The auditors play a significant role here as they look to see how the application procedures are handled and revised consistently.
#2: Organization of Information Security
It describes which parts of a business organization should be liable for their responsibilities and undertakings. The auditors expect to find out a clear organizational plan with high-level errands depending on their role.
#3: Human Resource Security
The ISMS control covers the various ways employees should be intimated about cybersecurity when they would start, leave, or change their positions within the organization. The officials responsible for audits would check and crosscheck the clearly defined methods for onboarding and offboarding, especially when they consider situations of information security.
#4: Asset Management
It defines several procedures that frame the management of data. Furthermore, it also talks about how the auditors should safeguard them all. They examine the several procedures that the companies use to track software, databases, and hardware they use. They should include any public methods the companies use to warrant the integrity of the data.
#5: Access Control
It provides direction on employee access. It limits access to different types of data. The auditors look for a detailed clarification of how access guidelines are decided.
This control covers practices for encryption. Auditors look for sections of your system that manage the delicate data and the type of encryption used.
#7: Physical and Environmental Security
It defines the procedures for safeguarding the buildings and inner paraphernalia. The auditors examine the liabilities on the physical site.
#8: Operations Security
This control gives leadership on various ways the organizations use to collect and store data safely. Here, the auditors would look for the indication of data flows for the location where the material is stored.
#9: Communications Security
It covers the security of all programs within the organization. The auditors examine what communiqué systems the companies use.
#10: System Acquisition, Development, and Maintenance
This control decides the details of the processes to manage systems in a safe environment. Here, the auditors would examine the evidence that a new system uses to keep high-security standards.
#11: Supplier Relationships
This control covers how a company cooperates with third parties while guaranteeing safety. Here, the auditors review the contracts with third-party entities.
#12: Information Security Incident Management
It defines the dedicated practices to respond to safety issues. The auditors ask for the process to see how the company manages the incidents. It is a broad segment that takes care of multiple checks.
#13: Information Security Aspects of Business Continuity Management
This control covers the business disruptions and major changes. Here, the auditors pose a series of hypothetical interruptions. They expect the ISMS to cover all necessary steps to recover from them.
It identifies what government or other industry rules and regulations are pertinent to the organization, such as ITAR. The auditors see the evidence of check acquiescence for the area where the company is working.
The ISO 27001 Controls are an indivisible part of the ISO 27001 Certification process. In the opinion of the ISO 27001 certification Services providers, these controls are very significant for every organization to follow.